Basic properties and exploitation strategies of source rock strata

Zhi Yang, Caineng Zou, Yuchen Fan, Songtao Wu, Hanlin Liu, Qizhao Wei

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Source rock strata are filled and aggregated with large-scale continuous hydrocarbon resources, including significant volumes of in-place retained, short-distance migrated and potentially generated hydrocarbons. Source rock strata simultaneously possess the properties of reservoirs and hydrocarbon source rocks, known as source-reservoir coexisting systems. Reservoir properties refer to the physical properties concerning the storage and transmission of oil and gas, while hydrocarbon source rock properties refer to the physicochemical properties related to governing the generation, retention and expulsion of oil and gas in the source rock strata. These properties fundamentally determine the technical path for the successful exploitation of petroleum and natural gas in the source rock strata. With regard to reservoir properties, in-depth research and development of the advanced energy-storing fracturing technology can aid the construction of complex fracture networks to overcome the limitations in the connectivity properties of source rock strata. Focusing on the hydrocarbon source rock properties, an underground in-situ conversion technology should be created and developed to alleviate the shortcomings of organic matter quantity and maturity properties of the source rock strata. Furthermore, selecting the appropriate exploitation path based on the property characteristics can promote the achievement of commercial and sustainable development of oil and gas in the source rock strata.

Document Type: Perspective

Cited as: Yang, Z., Zou, C., Fan, Y., Wu, S., Liu, H., Wei, Q. Basic properties and exploitation strategies of source rock strata. Advances in Geo-Energy Research, 2023, 10(2): 77-83.


Source rock strata, oil and gas resources, connotation, properties, exploitation strategies

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