Quantitative characterization of fluid occurrence in shale reservoirs

Junqian Li, Jianchao Cai

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Shale oil and gas, as important unconventional resources, have been widely discussed in the last decade. The occurrence characteristics of fluids (oil, gas, and water) in shale reservoirs are closely related to the exploitation of shale oil and gas, therefore the quantitative characterization of fluid occurrence in shale reservoirs has received extensive attention. In this paper, the latest advances and potential challenges on this subject are summarized. With respect to shale oil, the amounts, ratios and micro-distributions of shale oil in different states can be determined using the state equation of liquid and adsorption ratio equation, which contributes to identifying high-quality shale oil reservoirs. However, it is still necessary to strengthen the research on the multi-attribute coupling relationship and oil-rock interaction of shale oil reservoirs, and the determination of occurrence characteristics of adsorbed and free oil under in situ reservoir conditions. In terms of shale gas evaluation, the process analysis method and isotope fractionation method effectively solve the problem of evaluating in situ gas-bearing characteristics of shale, and can accurately estimate the amounts of total, adsorbed and free gas. The quantum physisorption behavior of gas could be a new research direction to reveal the microscopic occurrence mechanism of shale gas. As for shale pore water, a complete evaluation procedure for determining the amounts and micro-distributions of adsorbed and free water in shale matrix pores has been established, which provides insight into the storage and flow of oil and gas. In future work, a study on the quantitative evaluation of water-rock interaction is significant for obtaining the adsorbed and free water under in situ reservoir conditions.

Document Type: Perspective

Cited as: Li, J., Cai, J. Quantitative characterization of fluid occurrence in shale reservoirs. Advances in Geo-Energy Research, 2023, 9(3): 146-151. https://doi.org/10.46690/ager.2023.09.02


Shale oil, shale gas, shale pore water, quantitative characterization, occurrence mechanism

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.46690/ager.2023.09.02


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