Energy storage salt cavern construction and evaluation technology

Jifang Wan, Tao Meng, Jinlong Li, Wei Liu

Abstract view|0|times       PDF download|0|times


With the demand for peak-shaving of renewable energy and the approach of carbon peaking and carbon neutrality goals, salt caverns are expected to play a more effective role in oil and gas storage, compressed air energy storage, large-scale hydrogen storage, and temporary carbon dioxide storage. In order to effectively utilize the underground space of salt mines on a sound scientific basis, the construction of salt caverns for energy storage should implement the maximum utilization of salt layers, improve the cavern construction efficiency, shorten the construction period, and ensure cavern safety. In this work, built upon design experience and on-site practice in salt cavern gas storage, the four pivotal construction stages-conceptual design, solution mining simulation, tightness assessment, and stability evaluation-have been thoroughly enhanced, strengthening the technical framework for salt cavern energy storage.

Document Type: Perspective

Cited as: Wan, J., Meng, T., Li, J., Liu, W. Energy storage salt cavern construction and evaluation technology. Advances in Geo-Energy Research, 2023, 9(3): 141-145.


Salt cavern, solution mining, tightness assessment, stability evaluation

Full Text:



Chen, X., Li, Y., Liu, W., et al. Study on sealing failure of wellbore in bedded salt cavern gas storage. Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering, 2019, 52(1): 215-228.

Li, J., Tang, Y., Shi, X., et al. Modeling the construction of energy storage salt caverns in bedded salt. Applied Energy, 2019, 255: 113866.

Li, J., Wang, Z., Zhang, S., et al. Machine-learning-based capacity prediction and construction parameter optimization for energy storage salt caverns. Energy, 2022, 254: 124238.

Liu, W., Chen, J., Jiang, D., et al. Tightness and suitability evaluation of abandoned salt caverns served as hydrocarbon energies storage under adverse geological conditions (AGC). Applied Energy, 2016a, 178: 703-720.

Liu, W., Muhammad, N., Chen, J., et al. Investigation on the permeability characteristics of bedded salt rocks and the tightness of natural gas caverns in such formations. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, 2016b, 35: 468-482.

Liu, W., Zhang, Z., Fan, J., et al. Research on the stability and treatments of natural gas storage caverns with different shapes in bedded salt rocks. IEEE Access, 2020, 8: 18995-19007.

Meng, T., Pei, J., Feng, G., et al. Permeability and porosity in damaged salt interlayers under coupled thmc conditions. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 2022, 211: 110218.

Meng, T., Yue, Y., Ma, J., et al. Use of DC voltage fluctuation method to investigate real-time mode I and mode II subcritical crack growth behavior in gypsum rock. Engineering Fracture Mechanics, 2020, 234: 107104.

Wan, M., Ji, W., Wan, J., et al. Compressed air energy storage in salt caverns in China: Development and outlook. Advances in Geo-Energy Research, 2023, 9(1): 54-67.

Wan, J., Peng, T., Shen, R., et al. Numerical model and program development of TWH salt cavern construction for UGS. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 2019, 179: 930-940.

Wan, J., Peng, T., Yuan, G., et al. Influence of tubing/oil-blanket lifting on construction and geometries of two-well-horizontal salt caverns. Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, 2021, 108: 103688.

Yuan, G., Wan, J., Li, J., et al. Stability analysis of a typical two-well-horizontal saddle-shaped salt cavern. Journal of Energy Storage, 2021, 40: 102763.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 The Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Copyright ©2018. All Rights Reserved