Hydrocarbon accumulation and resources evaluation: Recent advances and current challenges

Zhijun Jin

Abstract view|0|times       PDF download|0|times


Conventional petroleum exploration targets have become increasingly complex recently. Although geological research of unconventional oil and gas resources has received much attention in recent years, such resources also face many complex geological and scientific problems. In this context, the 8th International Symposium on Hydrocarbon Accumulation Mechanisms and Petroleum Resources Evaluation was held in Beijing from 21 to 23 October, 2022. Experts presented and discussed their latest research findings on this topic relating to both conventional and unconventional oil and gas resources. They also discussed various development strategies for the petroleum industry taking into account the global objectives of “carbon peaking and carbon neutrality” to mitigate the impacts of climate change. Six significant theoretical advances and some new technologies were introduced at this conference. These advances related to the “Whole Petroleum System” theory, shale oil and gas exploration, deep and ultra-deep petroleum exploitation, clean energy issues, and alternative types of unconventional oil and gas resources. In response to these technological advances, four major current challenges were identified. These challenges related to the petroleum industry’s ongoing growth and development in the context of carbon-neutrality goals, the evolution of hydrocarbon laws relating to petroleum accumulations and their exploitation, organic and inorganic effects on petroleum generation and accumulation mechanisms, and artificial intelligence applications related to hydrocarbon prediction.

Cited as: Jin, Z. Hydrocarbon accumulation and resources evaluation: Recent advances and current challenges. Advances in Geo-Energy Research, 2023, 8(1): 1-4. https://doi.org/10.46690/ager.2023.04.01


Petroleum resources, carbon neutrality, hydrocarbon accumulation mechanisms, technological advances, petroleum industry challenges

Full Text:



Goodarzi, F., Hosseininejad, S., Pedersen, P., et al. Characterization of immature oil shales from the Cretaceous Second White Specks Formation in Saskatchewan and Manitoba, Canada. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 2022, 143: 105774.

Hao, F., Zou, H. Cause of shale gas geochemical anomalies and mechanisms for gas enrichment and depletion in high-maturity shales. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 2013, 44: 1-12.

Hu, T., Pang, X., Jiang, F., et al. Dynamic continuous hydrocarbon accumulation (DCHA): Existing theories and a new unified accumulation model. Earth-Science Reviews, 2022, 232: 104109.

Jia, C. Breakthrough and significance of unconventional oil and gas to classical petroleum geology theory. Petroleum Exploration and Development, 2017, 44(1): 1-10.

Jia, C., Pang, X., Song, Y. Whole Petroleum System and Ordered Distribution Pattern of Conventional and Unconventional Oil and Gas Reservoirs. Petroleum Science, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.petsci.2022.12.012. (in press)

Jin, Z., Wang, G., Liu, G., et al. Research progress and key scientific issues of continental shale oil in China. Acta Petrolei Sinica, 2021, 42(7): 821-835. (in Chinese)

Liu, Q., Zhu, D., Meng, Q., et al. The scientific connotation of oil and gas formations under deep fluids and organic-inorganic interaction. Science China Earth Sciences, 2019, 62: 507-528.

Magoon, L., Dow, W. The petroleum system-From source to trap. AAPG Memoir, 1994, 60: 3-24.

Pang, X., Chen, Z., Jia, C., et al. Evaluation and reunderstanding of the global natural gas hydrate resources. Petroleum Science, 2021, 18(2): 323-338.

Silva, R., Yim, C., Radović, J., et al. Mechanistic insights into sulfur rich oil formation, relevant to geological carbon storage routes. A study using (+) APPI FTICRMS analysis. Organic Geochemistry, 2020, 147: 104067.

Whitelaw, P., Uguna, C., Stevens, L., et al. Shale gas reserve evaluation by laboratory pyrolysis and gas holding capacity consistent with field data. Nature Communications, 2019, 10(1): 3659.

Yang, P., Liu, K., Liu, J., et al. Petroleum charge history of deeply buried carbonate reservoirs in the Shuntuoguole Low Uplift, Tarim Basin, west China. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 2021, 128: 105063.

Zhang, K., Lau, H., Chen, Z. Regional carbon capture and storage opportunities in Alberta, Canada. Fuel, 2022, 322: 124224.

Zhang, S., He, K., Hu, G., et al. Unique chemical and isotopic characteristics and origins of natural gases in the Paleozoic marine formations in the Sichuan Basin, SW China: Isotope fractionation of deep and high mature carbonate reservoir gases. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 2018, 89: 68-82.

Zhao, W., Hu, S., Hou, L. Connotation and strategic role of insitu conversion processing of shale oil underground in the onshore China. Petroleum Exploration and Development, 2018, 45(4): 563-572.

Zhu, G., Zhang, Z., Zhou, X., et al. The complexity, secondary geochemical process, genetic mechanism and distribution prediction of deep marine oil and gas in the Tarim Basin, China. Earth-Science Reviews, 2019, 198: 102930.

Zou, C., Ma, F., Pan, S., et al. Earth energy evolution, human development and carbon neutral strategy. Petroleum Exploration and Development, 2022, 49(2): 468-488.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 The Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Copyright ©2018. All Rights Reserved