A deep-learning approach for reservoir evaluation for shale gas wells with complex fracture networks

Hongyang Chu, Peng Dong, W. John Lee

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The complex fracture networks in shale gas reservoirs bring greater challenges and uncertainties to the modeling in reservoir evaluation. As the  emerging potential technology, deep learning can be usefully applied to many aspects of reservoir evaluation. To further conduct the reservoir evaluation in rate transient analysis, this work proposes a data-driven proxy model for accurately evaluating the horizontal wells with complex fracture networks in shales. The production time, variable bottom hole pressure, and the fracture networks properties are used as input variables, while the output variable refers to the production for the forecast time period. The data from boundary element method is used to generate the proxy model for the learning process. The method of shuffled cross-validation is used to increase the model’s accuracy and generalizability. The proxy model is coupled with recently developed deep learning methods such as attention mechanism, skip connection, and cross-validation to address the time series analysis problem for multivariate operating and physical parameters. Results demonstrate that the attention mechanism is robust. The operating parameters analysis shows that the attention mechanism has the ability to analyze variable pressure drop/flowrate data. Sensitivity analysis also indicates that the model takes into account the geometric characteristics of fracture network. The model reliability is proved by a case study from Marcellus shale. The computation time of the trained attention mechanism model is approximately 0.3 s, which equates to 3.8% of the physical model’s 
running time.

Cited as: Chu, H., Dong, P., Lee, W. J. A deep-learning approach for reservoir evaluation for shale gas wells with complex fracture networks. Advances in Geo-Energy Research, 2023, 7(1): 49-65. https://doi.org/10.46690/ager.2023.01.06


Deep-Learning, time series analysis, multivariate input, shale gas, reservoir evaluation

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