Characteristics of Precambrian basement intruded by Cretaceous geological intrusions in Monteregian Igneous Province and their impacts on regional thermal structure

Hejuan Liu, Shengnan Ban, Karine Bédard, Bernard Giroux

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Abstract


With the progress of geothermal exploration in deep buried geological bodies, high radiogenic geological intrusions have become the hot spot in recent years. However, the assessment of the complex structure, lithology of geological intrusions by the geophysical methods has uncertainty, making it a challenging to accurately predict the thermal structure around the geological intrusions. In southern Québec, Canada, recent studies show that a relative high surface heat flux has been detected in the region enclosed by Montréal, Salaberry-de-Valleyfield and Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, around the southwest of the Monteregian Hills, which belong to the Early Cretaceous alkaline and carbonatite intrusions. It is not clear whether these Monteregian intrusions have impacts on the thermal anomaly of the Montréal, Salaberry-de-Valleyfield and Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu region. The objective of this paper is to numerically investigate the thermal structure in the thermal anomaly region, considering the impact of different Monteregian intrusions. The simplified Monteregian intrusions are embedded into a three-dimensional geological model consisting of the sedimentary formations in the St. Lawrence Lowlands and the simulator Underworld2 is used for the thermal modelling. Simulation results show that the geological intrusions in this region have large impacts on the thermal structure at the local-scale, depending on the radiogenic heat production, thermal conductivity, emplacement depth and size. Temperature in the sedimentary formations may be lower or higher than that of the adjacent geological intrusions, highly depending on the thermal physical characteristics of these intrusions. Furthermore, the complex fault systems also strongly control the thermal distribution in different fault blocks, making the Potsdam Group sandstone located between the Grand-St-Esprit and Notre-Dame-du-Bon-Conseil faults as the potential geothermal reservoir.

Cited as: Liu, H., Ban, S., Bédard, K., Giroux, B. Characteristics of Precambrian basement intruded by Cretaceous geological intrusions in Monteregian Igneous Province and their impacts on regional thermal structure. Advances in Geo-Energy Research, 2022, 6(3): 206-220. https://doi.org/10.46690/ager.2022.03.04


Keywords


Monteregian intrusions, thermal structure, thermal physical properties, fault system

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